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By Jessica Smith

There's a cluster of 3 Lezgi villages within the Đsmayıllı district of Azerbaijan that's separated through the Caucasus Mountains from the 3 major Lezgi dialects—Standard (SL), Axti (AL), and Quba (QL) Lezgi. This research locations Đsmayıllı Lezgi (IL) one of the different dialects through evaluating the various types’ attributes.

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It is not known whether Axti has a pharyngeal. 29 (28) Correlation strength SL IL /ʁ/↔/ɣ/ strong /ʁed/ /ɣæd/ ‘star’ /q/↔/ɣ/ weak /muqajat/ /mɯɣajatʰ/ ‘careful’ /q/↔/q/ strong /aqatun/ /aqatʰɯn/ ‘come out’ /ʁ/↔/ʕ/ weak /kˈæʁun/ /khvæʕin/ ‘rebuke’ ∅↔/ʕ/ weak /sæt/ /saʕath/ ‘clock’, ‘time’ /h/↔/ʕ/ weak /pahlivan/ /phæʕlivan/ ‘athlete’ /h/↔/h/ strong /hejran/ /hejran/ ‘amazed’ The strongest correspondence for SL /ʁ/ is IL /ɣ/ and vice versa. There is not a strong correspondence for IL /ʕ/, rather, three weak correspondences to SL /h/, /ʁ/, or null.

The other ergative suffixes that exist in both Lezgi varieties are listed in Table 12, with the most common ones underlined as the default. 4). 42 Table 12: Oblique Suffixes SL IL -di -zI -Adi -dI -Ra -rA -A -A -U -U -a -i -u -Uni - ši/-s’i/-çi/-ji SL has more forms for the ergative suffix than does IL. All IL ergative suffixes are subject to vowel harmony, while some SL suffixes, such as -a, -i, and –u, are not. The suffixes -Uni and -ši/-s’i/-çi/-ji are not found in the IL corpus. Though -di is the SL default suffix and it can occur in IL, the -di suffix it is not the IL ergative default.

Minimal pairs are displayed in (32). (32) Aspirated: Unaspirated: a. /thɯm/ ‘seed’ /tɯm/ ‘thread’ b. /tshin/ ‘to sweep’ /tsin/ ‘watered’ c. khekh/ ‘hem’ kekh/ ‘rooster’ There are only 19 reported minimal pairs in standard Lezgi for aspirated/unaspirated pairs. It is unknown how many minimal pairs Đsmayıllı Lezgi has, and, since SL does not mark aspiration, it is difficult to know how the two dialects compare in that feature. What is known is that there is a weak correlation between SL ejectives and IL unaspirated voiceless consonants.

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