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By John Philoponus

Aristotle's Posterior Analytics elaborates for the 1st time within the background of Western philosophy the notions of technology and the necessities for the certain form of wisdom scientists own. His version is arithmetic and his therapy of technological know-how quantities to a philosophical dialogue, from the viewpoint of Aristotelian syllogistic, of mathematical proofs and the rules they're according to. Chapters 1-8 expound the rules of Aristotle's thought, mentioning the similarities and variations among clinical wisdom and different varieties of wisdom, constructing the necessity for simple rules, and choosing the categories of ideas and the resource of necessity linked to medical evidence. Philoponus' great observation, the main whole historical dialogue of Posterior Analytics ebook 1, deals uniquely priceless testimony to the best way this publication used to be learn and understood in past due antiquity, in addition to offering details on prior interpretations. Of specific curiosity is Philoponus' account of clinical rules, that is dependent not just on Aristotle but in addition at the Greek mathematical culture, specially Euclid and his commentator Proclus.

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Philoponus : on Aristotle posterior analytics 1.1-8

Aristotle's Posterior Analytics elaborates for the 1st time within the historical past of Western philosophy the notions of technological know-how and the necessities for the detailed form of wisdom scientists own. His version is arithmetic and his therapy of technology quantities to a philosophical dialogue, from the viewpoint of Aristotelian syllogistic, of mathematical proofs and the foundations they're according to.

Extra resources for Philoponus : on Aristotle posterior analytics 1.1-8

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I call a demonstration a scientific(e) deduction, and I call scientific a deduction one by virtue of possessing it we know(e). Now if knowing(e) is as we have posited, demonstrative knowledge(e) must be based on things that are true, primary and Translation 35 immediate, and better known(g) and prior to and causes of the conclusion. ] After saying that ‘we will tell later’131 about the other way, he goes on to say, ‘but we assert that we do know(o) through demonstration’ substituting ‘know(o)’ for ‘know(e)’.

For example, that the diagonal is incommensurable with the side104 is proved by the geometer by [a proof] per impossibile, but some philosophers have attempted to prove it directly as well. 105 71a17-18 It is possible for a person to recognize things he has previously come to know and also [to recognize] things at the same time as he acquires knowledge(g) of them. It is possible to apply both of these to the two ways of recognition respectively, [applying] one of them to each; and both [can be applied] Translation 29 to the second, in this way.

Besides, the things employed in the demonstrations of these latter things are either primary and immediate, or demonstrable. 156 71b28-9 For to know(e) things of which there is demonstration, not accidentally, is to have a demonstration [of them]. 28,1 5 10 15 After saying that unless the primary things on which demonstrations are based are indemonstrable, ‘we will not know(e) unless we have’ ‘demonstration’157 of the primary things as well, he establishes this very point in the present passage, saying precisely what knowing(e) is.

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