By Joan Stevenson-Hinde, Camilla A. Hinde (auth.), Alexander Weiss, James E. King, Lindsay Murray (eds.)
The results of a symposium hosted via the yankee Society of Primatologists, this quantity attests to the large strides made in contemporary a long time through researchers learning primates and their habit. examine into the thought of ‘personality’ in nonhuman primates might be traced again to the Thirties and 40s, whilst primatologists started to detect huge person alterations within the behavioral and emotional disposition of monkeys and apes. Jane Goodall’s paintings at Gombe nationwide Park driven the sphere additional, yet its perceived anthropomorphism used to be frowned on for a time. Undeterred, primatologists endured to enquire features of character at Gombe. Peter Buirski’s ‘Emotions Profile Index’ and the Madingley questionnaire utilized by Joan Stevenson-Hinde and her crew have been very important advancements or even educated paintings in different species.
With contributions from many of the best researchers presently exploring the subject, this assortment fulfils a necessity for a finished survey of the most recent advancements within the learn of character and temperament in nonhuman primates. but it additionally contextualizes the topic by means of masking early paintings within the box in addition to key ongoing matters comparable to method. a chain of chapters then supply research of empirical experiences that examine elements of primate temperament as different as impulsivity and aggression and the ecological implications of animal character. This e-book, then, demonstrates the richness and variety of the sphere in addition to being a resource of notion for researchers devoted to investigating the subject.
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Extra info for Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates
However, if another individual has worked with the animal during regular intervals of time, across many contexts, then he or she might have a more general and accurate sense of the subject’s personality. Another danger with cumulative observations is that the raters almost certainly have talked about the animals with each other, thereby compromising the independence of the observations. , reporting that an animal was involved in a fight. 12 Empirical Studies Comparing Behavioral-Coding and Trait-Rating Data The arguments summarized earlier suggest several theoretical strengths and weaknesses of the different methods.
In addition, there are some personality traits that would be difficult to translate into a feasible list of behaviors to code. For example, the trait unpredictable would be difficult to operationalize in terms of specific behaviors. In summary, our analyses of the two methods of assessment suggest that using trait ratings to assess primate personality provides several advantages over behavioral codings. , naturalistic observation, testing context, and cumulative observation). 1, one advantage of naturalistic observation over a testing context is convenience.
However, more research is needed to compare empirically the different methods of personality assessment. We also suggested some improvements for primate personality assessment methods that can be implemented for any chosen method. The suggested steps and improvements provide a blueprint for a solid foundation for future research on primate personality. Acknowledgments We are grateful to Stephanie Anestis, John Capitanio, Frans de Waal, Lynn Fairbanks, James Dee Higley, James King, Lindsay Murray, Jon Sefcek, and Alex Weiss for their help with this task.