By Columella, Harrison Boyd Ash
Columella (Lucius Iunius Moderatus) of Gades (Cadiz) lived within the reigns of the 1st emperors to approximately 70 CE. He moved early in lifestyles to Italy the place he owned farms and lived close to Rome. it truly is possible that he did army carrier in Syria and Cilicia and that he died at Tarentum. Columella's On Agriculture (De Re Rustica) is the main complete, systematic and precise of Roman agricultural works. publication I covers selection of farming website; water provide; structures; employees. II: Ploughing; fertilising; care of vegetation. III, IV, V: Cultivation, grafting and pruning of fruit timber, vines, and olives. VI: Acquisition, breeding, and rearing of oxen, horses, and mules; veterinary medication. VII: Sheep, goats, pigs, and canines. VIII: chook; fish ponds. IX: Bee-keeping. X (in hexameter poetry): Gardening. XI: tasks of the overseer of a farm; calendar for farm paintings; extra on gardening. XII: tasks of the overseer's spouse; manufacture of wines; pickling; keeping. there's additionally a separate treatise, bushes (De Arboribus), on vines and olives and diverse bushes, might be a part of an differently misplaced paintings written earlier than On Agriculture. The Loeb Classical Library variation of Columella is in 3 volumes.
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Extra resources for On Agriculture, Volume I, Books I-IV (Loeb Classical Library No. 361)
Goteborg, 1928. , " De Columella per Palladium emendato," Eranos, XXVI. 145-208. -e di Felice Kamorino, Pubblicazioni della Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Milan), VII. 449f. , " Kritische Beitrage zum 5. Buch von Columellas De lie Rustica," Melanges Tolstoi, 4651, Leningrad Academy of Science, 1928. Van Buren, A. , " The Text of Columella," Supplementary Papers of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, I. 157-190. Lundstrom, till — BIBLIOGRAPHY Traxslations M. C, L. lunhis yioderatus Columella of Husbandry in Twelve Books and His Book Concerning Trees, London, 1745.
Armbruster, Columella und Plinius, Die Bienenkunde der Romer, P'reiburg, 1921. ), Munich, 1925. , De Elocutione L. Jvnii Moderati Columellae, Rottweil, 1903. Krauss, P. , Die Quellen des Columella, Munnerstadt, 1907. , " Smaplock ur Columellas sprak," XV. 201Eranos, XIII. 196-203; XIV. 90-9G 207; XVI. 186-190; XVII. 147-150; XXVI. ; 31-33. , L' horticulture antique et le poeme de Columelle, Paris, 1918. ), Goteborg, 1926. , Der Feldbau der Romer, Frankfurt, 1900. ), Berlin, 1884. , De Columella Vergilii Imitatore, Jena, 1882.
Lactucis : A, Lundstrom : lacticis S. ^ videmus SA, Gesn. Sen. Epist. 122. ^ qui in villis qui M. * : vidimus alii (viderunt Cato apvd 2). B plerique : quae inutilis SA : administrarentve opera colonorum om. SA, vilis in utiles vett. edd. " The Laconicum, or sweat-chamber, was so called because thought to have been first used by the Laconians; though ^4 BOOK I, PREFACE 15-18 womanish motions a sex which nature has denied to men, and deceive the eyes of the spectators. "* The 17 consequence is that ill health attends so slothful a manner of living for the bodies of our young men are so flabby and enervated that death seems likely to make no change in them.