Download Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge by Jerry Gershenhorn PDF

By Jerry Gershenhorn

Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of information is the 1st full-scale biography of the trailblazing anthropologist of African and African American cultures. Born right into a global of racial hierarchy, Melville J. Herskovits (1895–1963) hired actual anthropology and ethnography to undermine racist and hierarchical methods of brooding about humanity and to underscore the price of cultural variety. His learn in West Africa, the West Indies, and South the US documented the far-reaching impression of African cultures within the Americas. He based the 1st significant interdisciplinary American software in African reviews in 1948 at Northwestern college, and his arguable vintage the parable of the Negro prior delineated African cultural impacts on American blacks and showcased the vibrancy of African American tradition. He additionally helped forge the concept that of cultural relativism, fairly in his e-book guy and His Works. whereas Herskovits promoted African and African American experiences, he criticized a few activist black students, so much significantly Carter G. Woodson and W. E. B. Du Bois, whom he thought of propagandists as a result of their social reform orientation. After global struggle II, Herskovits turned an outspoken public determine, advocating African independence and attacking American policymakers who taken care of Africa as an item of chilly struggle technique. Drawing greatly on Herskovits’s inner most papers and released works, Jerry Gershenhorn’s biography acknowledges Herskovits’s many contributions and discusses the advanced effects of his conclusions, methodologies, and family members with African American students.

Show description

Read Online or Download Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology) PDF

Best african-american studies books

Creole Transformation from Slavery to Freedom: Historical Archaeology of the East End Community, St. John, Virgin Is

An exploration of lifestyles at the Virgin Islands in a particular black neighborhood that won its freedom from slavery greater than forty years sooner than emancipation in 1848. Douglas Armstrong seeks to extend our viewpoint at the variety and results of the African Diaspora.

Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American economy 1865-1914

Pageant and Coercion: Blacks within the American financial system, 1865-1914 is a reinterpretation of black financial heritage within the half-century after Emancipation. Its critical subject is that monetary festival and racial coercion together decided the fabric of the blacks. The booklet identifies a few aggressive tactics that performed vital roles in keeping blacks from the racial coercion to which they have been mainly weak.

Margaret Addison: A Biography

O'Grady provides Addison in different diverse lighting fixtures: as a girl studying to say herself within the hitherto male global of collage governance; as an administrator facing questions of person freedom and staff criteria at a time whilst the permissible limits of behaviour have been increasing; as a former Methodist who realized to switch her ideals whereas maintaining her center Christianity; and as an suggest for extra fulfiling lives for ladies who used to be pressured to house questions of co-education, the opportunity of gender-neutral reports, and the character of womanliness.

Additional info for Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology)

Example text

Embracing radical politics, Herskovits was attracted by the alternative brand of education o√ered at the New School. ’’≥≠ Meanwhile, he briefly joined the Industrial Workers of the World (iww) and later published articles in H. L. ≥∞ Herskovits’s cohort was influenced by a number of revolutionary thinkers who established the relative nature of the physical world. Albert Einstein discovered that time and space were not immutable. Rather, they were contingent on the observer’s viewpoint. In his research on immigrants and their children, Franz Boas marshaled evidence that head shape changed from generation to generation.

S. Army Medical Corps in 1918 following the United States’s entrance in the First World War. Subsequent to the signing of the armistice in November 1918, but before returning stateside, Herskovits studied French history at the University of Poitiers, where he also served on the editorial sta√ of the student newspaper. ∞π Upon his return to the United States, Herskovits transferred to the University of Chicago, where he majored in history. ∞Ω In Chicago Herskovits embraced radical politics, self-reliance, and the intellectual life.

According to Boas’s culture concept—which replaced the race concept as an explanation for human behavioral di√erences—environmental and cultural influences were the primary determinants of behavior and intelligence; they were not predetermined by racial endowment. Leading the intellectual movement against Victorian notions of racial hierarchy and pseudoscientific racism, Boas sought to move anthropology away from its emphasis on racially determined behavior toward a more complex view that emphasized the environmental impact on hu17 The Making of an Anthropologist man behavior and culture.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.40 of 5 – based on 22 votes