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By Robbie Ethridge, Sheri M. Shuck-Hall

During the 2 centuries following eu touch, the realm of overdue prehistoric Mississippian chiefdoms collapsed and local groups there fragmented, migrated, coalesced, and reorganized into new and infrequently fairly varied societies. The editors of this quantity, Robbie Ethridge and Sheri M. Shuck-Hall, argue that the sort of interval and sector of instability and regrouping constituted a “shatter zone.”
In this anthology, archaeologists, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists study the shatter sector created within the colonial South by interpreting the interactions of yankee Indians and ecu colonists. The forces that destabilized the zone integrated specifically the frenzied advertisement site visitors in Indian slaves carried out via either Europeans and Indians, which decimated a number of southern local groups; the inherently fluid political and social association of precontact Mississippian chiefdoms; and the common epidemics that unfold around the South. utilizing examples from more than a few Indian communities—Muskogee, Catawba, Iroquois, Alabama, Coushatta, Shawnee, Choctaw, Westo, and Natchez—the participants check the shatter sector sector as an entire, and the various ways that local peoples wrestled with an more and more risky international and labored to reestablish order.

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Extra resources for Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South

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For the most recent statements on differing Mississippian leadership patterns, see the essays in Butler and Welch, Leadership and Polity. ” 9. On the stone-hoe production and trade, see Cobb, From Quarry to Cornfield. On salt production, see Muller, “Mississippian Specialization and Salt”; Muller, Mississippian Political Economy; and Early, Caddoan Saltmakers. 10. On Mississippian economies, see Lapham, Hunting for Hides; Welch, Moundville’s Economy; Blitz, Ancient Chiefdoms of the Tombigbee; Muller, Mississippian Political Economy; Cobb, “Mississippian Chiefdoms”; and Pauketat and Emerson, Cahokia.

A colonial time line for North America Date European Colony 1565 St. Augustine settled by Spanish and Spanish mission system established 1584 Roanoke settled by English, abandoned by 1587 1604 Acadia (Nova Scotia) settled by French 1607 Jamestown settled by English 1608 Quebec City settled by French 1620 Puritan Separatists land at Cape Cod 1624 New Amsterdam settled by Dutch 1670 Charleston settled by English 1702 Mobile settled by French After a series of colonial failures in the South, such as that of Soto, Spanish officials settled on maintaining a small garrison on the Atlantic side of the peninsula of present-day Florida from where they could police the shipping lanes from New Spain and ward off English, Dutch, and 26 ethridge French pirates raiding in the seas and along the coast lines.

There is no evidence that the Chiscas were selling these Indians to European slavers, and the fact that they only had two guns in a 1677 battle with the Apalachee and the Spanish also suggests that Chisca captives were not sold directly to Europeans. In the 1677 battle a combined Apalachee and Spanish force ran the Chiscas out. After this, they retreated into the historical shadows. 103 Another early example of a militaristic slaving society is that of the Westos. The Westos figure prominently in this volume and emerge as one of the preeminent militaristic slaving societies in the South.

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