By Ivan Illich
'The scientific institution has turn into a tremendous possibility to health'. So starts Ivan Illich's lively and reasoned assault upon the mythic status of latest medications, studying the customs and rituals performed through the clinical occupation. Relentlessly and with complete documentation taken from famous clinical assets Illich proves the impotence of clinical providers to alter lifestyles expectancy, the insignificance of such a lot scientific care in curing illness, the importance of medically inflicted harm to well-being, and the futility of clinical and political counter measures.
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Extra resources for Limits to Medicine: Medical Nemesis: the Expropriation of Health
C. 71 Changes to the structure of family and population in the industrial regions In the last chapter we learnt about people who were ostensibly born into a peasant community and culture, but who remained in reality cut off and excluded from it. If we are to investigate the specifically folklorist question of how traditional ways of life and their manifestations in the popular culture of the Oberland changed with the advent of industrialisation, we must be fully aware that the innovations arose only partly out of a peasant world.
Jakob Wohlgemut has a further 'three small arable fields', but the whole family had to spin to make ends meet (Volketswil 1649). Not many of the alms recipients could keep a cow; Hans Halbherr, the cobbler (Hinwil 1660) 'has half a cottage and half a commoner's right, along with a hay meadow for one cow'. At his home, too, everyone was employed at spinning. Anna Hofmann 'has her own cottage, cabbage patch, hemp field and fodder for one cow'. But she had to pay interest on 25 Pfund yearly, as well as her ground rent.
Many features of the industry fitted in with the homesteaders' way of farming. Whereas the village farmer had to act within his farming collective and derived his security from it, the homesteader's working group had a far freer approach to production. To a certain extent he was an entrepreneur, with the entrepreneur's whole spiritual attitude to economic matters. The specific and practical feature of homestead farming - its greater independence, its ability to change and adapt - was attuned to the emphatically individual character of the homesteader.