By Susan Applegate Krouse, Heather A. Howard
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Additional info for Keeping the Campfires Going: Native Women's Activism in Urban Communities
She organized the drum and lent her support for many years. It became generally recognized that the drum and her efforts were in the best interest of these young women, and she was given respect and support for her decision to start the drum. “Bernice” carried out her important role in the community through establishing and maintaining a household that provided a home base to many: members of the family and both those in need of temporary shelter and those coming into the Bay Area Indian community to take care of activities of spiritual and cultural necessity.
A. 6 Donald Fixico, The Urban Indian Experience in America (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000), 81, 188. S. S. Census Bureau, 2001). S. S. Census Bureau. He says: “Census ﬁgures are used to determine, among other things, who gets what in terms of federal funding and congressional representation. If you are not counted by the census, then, in the eyes of the government agencies, you don’t count. In fact, you don’t exist at all. . S. ’ It has made a lot of people vanish, for the most part people of color” (16).
Clarence passed away lobo 15 six years ago. Bernice was considered one of the founding mothers of the Bay Area Indian community and in the spring of 2000 was in her mid-sixties. Over the years Clarence’s nephew had stayed with them for periods of time, and the youngest of Bernice’s three daughters by an earlier “Indian marriage” lived with them since childhood. Bernice’s two other daughters lived out of town, but one often made extended visits, along with her three children in order to take care of medical treatment in the city for herself and one of her children.