By Linus Hagström
Japan's China Policy knows Japan's overseas coverage when it comes to power - some of the most valuable innovations of political research. It contributes a clean knowing to the topic by way of constructing relational strength as an analytical framework and by way of utilizing it to major concerns in Japan's China coverage: the negotiations for a bilateral funding defense treaty and the disputed top (Senkaku/Diaoyu) Islands.
Hagström demonstrates that Japan exerted energy over China in such divergent empirical settings for the main half through the use of civilian tools definitely, defensively and during non-action. provided that Japan's overseas coverage is frequently portrayed fairly enigmatically by way of energy, the original contribution of Japan's China Policy is to illustrate find out how to learn strength features of Japan's international coverage in a extra coherent fashion.
This revealing method of Japan's overseas coverage should be of massive curiosity to an individual learning eastern politics, overseas coverage or overseas relations.
1. advent: Enigmatic energy? 2. Conceptual and Analytical Framework: Relational strength three. Empirical concentration: Japan's China coverage four. Case 1: Negotiating funding security five. Case 2: interplay over the top Islands 6. Conclusions and Reflections: Intelligible energy Reference record
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Extra info for Japan's China Policy: A Relational Power Analysis
What Realists, Neorealists as well as analysts of Japan’s foreign policy really wish to pinpoint by their focus on capability. Towards a relational concept of power So Realism explicitly holds, and Neorealism somehow implies, that measurement of capability is the way to understand the more abstract relationship of ‘control’ (cf. Brown 2001:90). This is the concept of power implicitly adhered to in most of the academic post-Cold War Japanese foreign policy discourse, and it is epitomized in Mao Zedong’s famous statement that, ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’ (Mao 1967:224).
24 Another way to give eikyō a connotation of Realist and Neorealist ideas of power is to talk about ‘minus influence’ (mainasu no eikyō) (Ogura 1996:161). e. g. Umamoto 1995:127; Shu 1997:144). As in English, it is often juxtaposed to ‘economic’ in accounts about Japan (keizai taikoku) (Inoguchi 1993b: 136; Okabe 1995:3; Sakanaka 1996:44). Some even portray Japan as an ‘economic (and technological) superpower’ (keizai [gijutsu] teki chōtaikoku) (Yamamoto 1989:156, 158, 169, 177; Inoguchi 1993a: 201).
If what Japan did was contrary to China’s interests, could Japan’s policy be interpreted as Japan’s exertion of power over China? What actors were responsible for Japanese policy-making in the two cases? Limitations of the scope Now that it has been clarified what the aim of this study is, by inference it should be clear what it is not. However, to prevent misunderstanding, some limitations of the scope are specified. First, the attempt to analyze Japan’s China policy in terms of relational power has met with Chinese criticism.