By M. Monirul Qader Mirza, Ahsan Uddin Ahmed, Q.K. Ahmad
Inter-basin water transfers are advanced human interventions on usual platforms which could have profound antagonistic in addition to invaluable social, fiscal and environmental implications. India’s plan to interlink its rivers (ILR) and to move water could, in accordance with one set of perspectives, generate confident merits via better and improved irrigation and will additionally give a contribution to flood and drought dangers mitigation for India, even though the magnitudes are arguable. although, there are opposing perspectives, within the context of India itself, that the interlinking plan is economically prohibitive, fraught with uncertainties, and has capability for disastrous and irreversible antagonistic after-effects. Water deficit might be diminished via greater water administration with no huge scale engineering interventions. additionally a few of the rivers concerned, really within the Himalayan part, are overseas and, for this reason, the scheme has significant implications for different riparians. certainly, the deliberate move of water from the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers will adversely effect Bangladesh socially, economically and environmentally---unless preparations are made to keep up old flows, that's not likely to be possible. Any multipurpose garage reservoirs in upstream nations, comparable to Nepal and Bhutan, may facilitate power iteration and different advantages yet also will reason opposed environmental and social affects to those international locations. as a result, the ILR plan will extra complicate current water sharing and administration difficulties among India and different co-basin nations. Strengthening and growth of cooperative efforts one of the co-basin nations for water assets improvement and sharing can generate financial merits for the folk of those nations and likewise foster co-riparian relationships.
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Extra info for Interlinking of Rivers in India: Issues and Concerns
They also commented that, “… a more detailed inter-basin transfer policy than now exists, or an amendment to current law, could put additional limitations on interbasin water transfers,” implying that the future IBT initiatives could not be successful unless a holistic consideration is put in place. According to DeVinney and Johnson (undated), two concerns are continually being expressed regarding inter-basin transfers in Georgia. The first concern is the perception that the metro Atlanta population growth engine will siphon water from far away places in Georgia to support continued growth, resulting in harm to the water resources, the economy, the environment, and the people of the source basins.
Q. K. AHMAD 9 their place of origin, they supply water to the Yamuna River, a tributary of the disputed Ganges River. The KBLP involves connecting the Ken and Betwa rivers through creation of water storage and supply infrastructures to divert water for irrigation and other consumptive uses. 5 ISSUES AND CONCERNS The interlinking of major rivers as a way to resolve the water crisis has become a highly debated topic in India and in neighboring Bangladesh and Nepal, the two countries which have substantial stakes in this project.
Wetlands contribute to storing flood waters and help purifying water. Coastal estuaries play a significant role in the interaction between freshwater and brackish water ecosystems. Adequate supply of freshwater is required for the sustenance of fragile coastal ecosystem. Evidence suggests that the withdrawal of the Ganges waters at Farakka and in other upstream locations has already significantly damaged ‘mangrove ecosystem’ in Bangladesh (Chapter 7 and 10). Freshwater flows also push back the intrusion of saline sea water.