Download Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia Fishes by Michael Hutchins PDF

By Michael Hutchins

Gale proudly provides the 1st thoroughly revised and up-to-date model of this acclaimed set in 30 years. a few reviewers name Grzimek's Animal existence Encyclopedia the simplest reference paintings on animals ever released. Others name it the legacy left to us through famed zoologist and animal lover, Bernhard Grzimek. The accolades and compliment move on for the most recent addition to Gale's line of reference titles. the unique 13-vol. set, released in Germany within the past due Nineteen Sixties, is across the world popular for its clinical reporting, insurance and illustrations, and serves as a tremendous element of reference for researchers and scholars learning the animal state. Thorough articles familiarize readers with animals stumbled on far and wide at the globe, detailing their lifestyles cycles, predators, meals platforms, total ecology and masses extra. Staying precise to the unique clinical pedigree, Gale enlisted widespread advisors and members from the overseas clinical neighborhood to include fresh advancements within the animal international. Our new versions of Grzimek's Animal existence Encyclopedia are absolute to serve the desires of scholars at each educational point.

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Extra info for Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia Fishes

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These fishes include many basal bony fishes, such as bowfins (order Amiiformes), gars (order Lepisosteiformes), 23 Structure and function Vol. 4: Fishes I Dorsal aor ta A Oval To hear t SWIM BLADDER Rete mirabile To liver B C Ar terial capillar y Descending _ Ascending Absorb gas Venous capillar y Remove gas Gas gland Foam Lumen + Ambient pressure O2 Lactate Structure and function of the swim bladder. The fish becomes less buoyant (descends) as gas is absorbed into the bloodstream and leaves the swim bladder.

Placoid scales are not replaced, but they increase in number with the growth of the fish. In some fish, such as the spiny dogfish (genus Squalus), placoid scales have been modified into large spines. The Osteichthyan fishes have several different scale types. Ganoid scales are found in basal groups of ray-finned fishes; they are formed from bony plates covered with a layer of ganoine and often create an interconnected armor over the surface of the body, as in bichirs (family Polypteridae) and gars (family Lepisosteidae).

The percomorphs comprise nine orders, 229 families, 2,144 genera, and over 12,000 species that dominate coastal marine waters, including coral reefs, but that are also well represented in most other aquatic habitats. Vol. 4: Fishes I Sarcopterygii Sarcopterygii, lobe-finned fishes, are the line of fishes that gave rise to the tetrapods (amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals), and the fishes of this lineage are better represented in the fossil record than in modern aquatic habitats. Sarcopterygians include Coelacanthimorpha (coelacanths), Porolepimorpha (including the Dipnoi or lungfishes), and Osteolepimorpha (rhipidistians).

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