By Baines, Worden
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most compound pointed out as affecting the steadiness of the Earth's weather. an important relief within the quantity of greenhouse gasoline emissions to the ambience is a key mechanism for mitigating weather swap. Geological garage of CO2, or the injection and long term stabilization of huge volumes of CO2 within the subsurface in saline aquifers, in present hydrocarbon reservoirs or in unmineable coal seams, is likely one of the extra technologically complex ideas on hand. a few experiences were conducted and are mentioned the following. they're aimed toward realizing the security, actual and chemical behaviour and long term destiny of CO2 while kept in geological formations. until eventually effective, replacement strength techniques will be constructed, geological garage of CO2, the topic of this quantity, presents a mechanism to lessen carbon emissions considerably when carrying on with to fulfill the worldwide call for for strength. additionally to be had: the way forward for Geological Modelling in Hydrocarbon improvement - distinctive e-book no 309 - ISBN 1862392668 Underground fuel garage: all over the world studies and destiny improvement within the united kingdom and Europe - distinctive e-book no 313 - ISBN 1862392722 The Geological Society of LondonFounded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society on the planet, and one of many greatest publishers within the Earth sciences.The Society publishes a variety of fine quality peer-reviewed titles for teachers and execs operating within the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable foreign acceptance for the standard of its work.The many parts during which we submit in include:-Petroleum geology-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology-Volcanology, magmatic stories and geochemistry-Remote sensing-History of geology-Regional geology publications
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Extra resources for Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Geological Society of London Special Publication No. 233)
XRD analysis typically reveals quartz (30%), undifferentiated mica (30%), kaolinite (14%), K-feldspar (5%), calcite (4%), smectite (4%), albite (2%), chlorite (1%), pyrite (1%) and gypsum (1%) together with traces of drilling mud contamination. The clay fraction is generally dominated by illite with minor kaolinite and traces of chlorite and smectite. An accurate assessment of caprock sealing capacity is not yet available, but analysis of caprock core material, recently acquired at Sleipner, is currently ongoing.
This is currently the focus of further study. Fluid inclusion studies indicate that CO2-rich fluids have migrated out of the reservoir along fractures. These open fractures have been partially lined by calcite precipitated from these CO2rich fluids. The timing of this migration is not clear. Although CO2 is locally trapped below Triassic sequences of claystones, limestones and evaporites (mainly anhydrite but also halite), the many CO2rich springs and mineral waters provide evidence for CO2 migration to the surface, through these caprock sequences.
Journal of Volcanology and Geochemical Research, 49, 313-328. , PRATI, F. & VALORI, A. I992b. Chemical relationship between discharging fluids procuded in the Siena-Radicofani graben and the deep fluids produced by the geothermal fields of Mt Amiata, Torre Alfina and Latera (Central Italy). Geothermics, 21-3,401^13. , MANGANELLI, M. & GABREGZIABHER, Z. 1998. Water-rock interaction and hydrothermal mineral equilibria in the Tendaho geothermal system. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 86, 253-276.