By Ross Coen
Near the top of global battle II, in an try to assault the USA mainland, Japan introduced its fu-go crusade, deploying hundreds of thousands of high-altitude hydrogen balloons armed with incendiary and high-explosive bombs designed to stick with the westerly winds of the higher surroundings and flow to the west coast of North the USA. After achieving the mainland, those fu-go, the japanese was hoping, could terrorize americans and ignite devastating woodland fires around the western states, eventually inflicting the USA to divert wartime assets to accommodate the household concern. whereas the fu-go offensive proved to be an entire tactical failure, six american citizens misplaced their lives whilst a came across balloon exploded.
Ross Coen offers a desirable inspect the vague heritage of the fu-go crusade, from the japanese schoolgirls who synthetic the balloons through hand to the generals within the U.S. conflict division who built safety strategies. The publication delves into panic, propaganda, and media censorship in wartime. Fu-go is a compelling tale of a little-known episode in our nationwide background that spread out almost unseen.
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Additional resources for Fu-go: The Curious History of Japan's Balloon Bomb Attack on America
Like students all over Japan, the girls at Yamaguchi had already been supporting the war effort for some time. From the start of the war, classes decreased in number and eventually ceased altogether as the girls went to work sewing uniforms for soldiers stationed at a nearby infantry regiment. 23 Paper As more and more men from the village left for military service, the girls filled in by working the rice fields and mining charcoal from the mountains. They undertook these strenuous labors willingly.
The Otsu site also featured its own hydrogen plant, while the other two depended on tank delivery from chemical factories near Tokyo. The Special Balloon Regiment also identified potential launch sites in northern Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan’s northernmost island, which were ruled out due to their proximity to Kamchatka. Imperial Headquarters wished to avoid any accidental balloon landings in the Soviet Union, a country with which Japan was not at war at the time. Each launching pad consisted of nineteen anchor screws drilled into the ground and arranged in a circle the same diameter as the balloons.
Any rope that tangled and failed to slide free of the hook as the balloon ascended was quickly cut at the ground and allowed to escape with the balloon. The entire process took between thirty minutes and an hour, depending on the presence of surface winds that made releasing the balloons more difficult. Early mornings and the period just after sunset were typically the calmest and proved the best time for launching. Even a light breeze forced the crewmen to hold the envelope much closer to the ground while others readied the carriage.