By Dima Wadi Nazer
''This e-book provides the research and layout of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) decks, that have been more and more applied in rehabilitation initiatives and new building because of their decreased weight, decrease upkeep expenses, and greater sturdiness and repair existence. The booklet is equipped into 3 complementary elements, protecting FRP decks, shear connectors among the deck and metal girders, and the habit of bridge platforms. It outlines research and layout directions for every particular deck sort, which might be commonly categorised in line with their creation technique as sandwich panels and adhesively bonded mobile sections, produced in most cases by means of pultrusion''-- Read more...
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Additional resources for From water scarcity to sustainable water use in the West Bank, Palestine
Results of the study showed that attending the workshops succeeded in improving the participants’ awareness about water conservation options, including such non-traditional options as the dry toilets. Results indicated that there is a significant increase in social impact of some water management options on the participants of the different groups investigated. The social impact of using dry toilets was minus 54 socio-points in the nonworkshop attendees (participants who did not attend workshops); the impact increased to minus 21 socio-points among the workshop attendees (participants who attended the workshops).
4. A dual flush toilet uses one full flush/cap/day (6liters) and 2 reduced flushes/cap/day (3liters) (EPA, 1995). It is made of ceramics with a total weight of 35 kg. 5. A gray-water reuse system uses the water used in the sink, bath, shower and laundry. It consists of a plastic reservoir and plastic piping system. 6. A Low-flow shower head saves about 40% of the water used by traditional shower heads (EPA, 1995). 15 kg. 7. Faucet aerators can reduce the water used in the faucets by 60% (EPA, 1995).
1 presents the annual resource (water and energy) use and the used-water (wastewater) production before implementing (do-nothing alternative) and after implementing the different water management options together with the change in resource use. 2 presents the environmental impact of the production (manufacturing/ construction) and the annual reduction in the environmental impact due to the implementation of the different water management options as well as the annual net reduction in the environmental impact.