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By Lee D. Baker

Lee D. Baker explores what racial different types suggest to the yankee public and the way those meanings are bolstered by means of anthropology, pop culture, and the legislations. targeting the interval among landmark superb courtroom decisions--Plessy v. Ferguson (the so-called "separate yet equivalent" doctrine demonstrated in 1896) and Brown v. Board of schooling (the public tuition desegregation choice of 1954)--Baker exhibits how racial different types swap over time.Baker paints a vibrant photo of the relationships among particular African American and white students, who orchestrated a paradigm shift in the social sciences from rules in line with Social Darwinism to these in keeping with cultural relativism. He demonstrates that the best impression at the means the legislation codifies racial ameliorations has been made via companies similar to the NAACP, which skillfully appropriated the hot social technology to take advantage of the politics of the chilly battle.

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Extra resources for From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 1896-1954

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S. senator from New York—that it is time to fix some limits to the reproduction of this black race among us. It is limited in the north by the traits of the whites. The black population has no independent vitality among us. In the south, while the blacks are property, there can be no assignable limit to their reproduction. It is too thin a race intellectually to be fit to propagate and I am perfectly satisfied from reflection that the feeling toward this 72 race is one of hostility in the north.

Brinton had a penchant for source citation, demanded rigor, and maintained that ethnological research must adhere to standards of academic excellence. He also saw the need for a national organization of professionals with a publishing arm that explored all the fields of anthropology. Brinton developed the field, however, by advancing claims of the racial superiority of Whites and the racial inferiority of people of color. He anchored anthropology to an evolutionary paradigm, and he, perhaps more than any other early ethnologist, assimilated the current sociopolitical ideas about race and gender and restated them as science.

The African and European races must remain distinct in blood. 83 Shaler also reproduced the image that the affairs of "darkies" inevitably degenerate into chaos:84 But experience shows us that if we could insulate a single county in the South, and give it over to negroes alone, we should in a few decades find that his European clothing, woven by generations of education, had fallen away, and the race gone down to a much lower state of being than that it now occupies. In other words, the negro is not as yet intellectually so far up in the scale of development as he appears to be; in him the great virtues of the superior race, though implanted, have not yet taken firm root, and are in need of constant tillage, lest the old savage weeds 85 overcome the tender shoots of the new and unnatural culture.

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