By Patricia Monaghan
More Than 1,000 Goddesses and Heroines from round the World
Groundbreaking pupil Patricia Monaghan spent her existence learning, writing approximately, and documenting goddesses and heroines from all religions and all corners of the globe. Her paintings proven that from the start of recorded background, goddesses reigned along their male opposite numbers as figures of notion and awe. Drawing on anthropology, folklore, literature, and psychology, Monaghan’s bright and available encyclopedia covers girl deities from Africa, the japanese Mediterranean, Asia and Oceania, Europe, and the Americas, in addition to each significant non secular culture.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines
Oldest of the water orishas, she is celebrated on Saturdays, when she dances carrying a broom. (Bastide; Courlander; Lachantañeré; Landes) Oba The African goddess Oba ¸ migrated to Cuba. When Oba possesses a dancer, she wears a scarf that hides one ear and must be kept from any dancer who embodies Oshun because of rivalry between the two. Oba is syncretized with saints Catherine and Rita. (Barnet; De La Torre; Lachantañeré) Obatallah This hermaphroditic creatrix is among the four great divinities of Brazil, the others being Oshun, Oya, and Ymoja.
In Trinidad, Yemanja is benevolent. When she appears in ritual, she seems to be rowing a boat while sitting on the ground and sliding forward. Her symbols are a gourd full of water and an oar; her feast day is Thursday; and her colors are watery blue and white. She is assimilated to St. Anne. (Olmos; Barnet; Bastide; De La Torre; Gordon; Lachantañeré; Omari; Landes; Mischel; Gates) Eastern Mediterranean N o area holds more significance to the question of women and religion than the eastern Mediterranean, where the world’s three monotheisms were born.
A characteristic image of Isis showed her as a nursing mother. This image, popular in Rome in the early Christian era, was adopted by Christians to show the virgin mother, Mary. Although Isis has not been part of any official religion for more than 1,500 years, she has become the center of several revivalist goddess organizations in the past century. (Brandon; Cott; De Horrack; Donalson 2003; Ellis; Faulkner 1968; Frankfurter; Lesko; Lichtheim 1976, 1980; Magness; Meyer; Müller; ˇ Tacheva-Hitova; Brenner; Wiedemann; Zabkar 1988) Ma’at Goddess of truth, Ma’at took the form of an ostrich feather balanced on the underworld’s scales, opposite someone ’s heart.