Download Elective Mutism: A Handbook for Educators, Counsellors and by Norman H. Hadley (auth.) PDF

By Norman H. Hadley (auth.)

Undeniably, language is on the center of human lifestyles. Merleau-Ponty (1945) posited that idea and language are one - cognition being language; language, cognition. even if this sort of express stance could be challenged from a few theoretical views as dogmatic and nonveridical, the severe function of language in humanness is irrefutable. it really is what defines and distinguishes creatures on the apex of the phylogenetic scale. the truth that cognition predates verbal fluency and will take a number of nonverbal varieties doesn't curb the pivotal position of language - it's a practical needful, an principal. greater than a trifling motor vehicle to precise inspiration, it transforms, modifies and shapes a lot of cognition. It can't be trivialized. On many grounds guy is capably rivalled through decrease varieties of life - the gazelle is extra swish; the lion is more advantageous; the cheetah is fleeter. it really is via his use of symbols that guy usurps the ascendant place. Cassirer in Essay on guy (1946) defined guy as animal symbolicum, the animal that creates symbols and a symbolic global. via language, people go beyond time and may be able to describe occasions temporally got rid of - to mirror at the earlier, to conjecture the long run. With phrases guy can paint photos, muse and dream, include and console, convince and corrupt, train and be knowledgeable. Language is a popular performatory area, nowhere greater than in Western Civilization.

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Extra info for Elective Mutism: A Handbook for Educators, Counsellors and Health Care Professionals

Example text

CHAPTER 3 COMMUNICATION AND ELECTIVE MUTISM Applied to elective mutism, the meaning of a silence could lie in the sender, the message, the verbal channel or the receiver. The sender could conceal worries about an upcoming event by electing to be silent. The silence might also relate to the message so that silence is used to control unacceptable hostile impulses. The sender could elect silence in the verbal channel because of embarrassment about the sound of his voice, accent or speech impediment.

They were asked to describe the content of the story depicted in the pictures and conclude by formulating the meaning or moral of the story. The cartoons were not removed during the story-telling so memory was not a significant factor . Goldman Eisler (1968) reported the following measurements : • Period of intake (taken from "Got it" to its last word). • Initial delay of description (period from "Got it" to words of description) . • Duration of description (taken from "Got it" to its last word) .

We should therefore attempt to determine the reason for excessively long silences which violate conversational rhythms. This means that we need to be watchful of speaker-switch pauses which are subjectively determined to be excessively long by external observers, initiators of speaker-switch pauses and electively mute persons themselves . On the basis of clinical experience, however, it seems that if electively mute persons detect switch pauses , they ignore them ; if they observe the gazes of the active speaker, they do not respond to the signals by speaking .

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