By John Rudolph Eriksson, Alcira Kreimer, Margaret Arnold, World Bank. Operations Evaluation Dept
Post-conflict reconstruction isn't new to the financial institution. in reality, the Bank's first mortgage used to be to the govt of France to rebuild the rustic after international warfare II. what's new, is the swiftly expanding variety of post-conflict components, and the enormity and complexity of rebuilding in every one case. to higher support post-conflict components sooner or later, the financial institution is learning earlier reports in facing post-conflict reconstruction. This quantity represents the 1st in a chain. the opposite volumes speak about post-conflict reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Uganda. even if the financial institution performed an important function in supporting with post-conflict reconstruction in every one nation, the factors of country failure or cave in vary. additionally various are the criteria that motivated the initiation or resumption of financial institution operations. This e-book specializes in the realm Bank's event in El Salvador.
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Extra info for El Salvador: post-conflict reconstruction : country case evaluation
Case Study Selection Three cases were chosen for field study: Bosnia and Herzegovina, El Salvador, and Uganda. The selection of countries for field case study was not self-evident precisely because each complex emergency is unique Page 3 and because every situation presents a special kind of learning opportunity. A number of considerations went into these choices. First, in each of these countries the Bank played a significant role in attempting to assist with post-conflict reconstruction. Second, the countries are diverse in terms of the causes of state failure and collapse, as well as the factors that influenced the initiation or resumption of Bank operations.
It also provided financing for an Economic Recovery Credit (ERC) and a series of sector investment and reform programs (agriculture, education, health, railways, telecommunications) aimed at rehabilitating key economic and social infrastructure affected by the war. In El Salvador, several high-quality Bank lending operations and nonlending services made significant contributions to post-conflict reconstruction and economic recovery. Supporting Basic Production Sectors The Bank's approach to assisting basic production sectors, such as agriculture and industry, has been for the most part indirect, concentrating on policy and institutional enabling environments and on infrastructure.
Current challenges facing El Salvador are linked to problems originating in the roots of the conflict, including how to increase access to opportunities and resources for more of the population, how to make headway on the pervasive problem of microinsecurity, and how to broaden the dialogue on development issues across a wider range of elements of civil society. Pre-Conflict El Salvador's civil conflict is rooted in the social and economic structures that developed during colonial rule and since independence in 1821.