Download Criminal Justice in America by George F.(George F. Cole) Cole, Christopher E. Smith PDF

By George F.(George F. Cole) Cole, Christopher E. Smith

Cole and Smith's legal JUSTICE IN the USA, 6th variation, permits you to event the real-world pleasure of this dynamic box whereas supporting you excel on your direction with the help of confirmed, built-in learn instruments. during this enticing, reader-friendly textual content, you will know about new profession possibilities in felony justice and browse precise tales of offenders and their stories in the process. you will additionally know about the an important position that public coverage performs within the legal justice procedure and discover the recent concerns which are altering the face of felony justice at the present time and shaping its destiny.

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Youthful offenders, first offenders, and those convicted of minor violations are most likely to be sentenced to probation rather than incarceration. The conditions of probation may require offenders to observe certain rules—to be employed, maintain an orderly life, or attend school—and to report to their supervising officer from time to time. If these requirements are not met, the judge may revoke the probation and impose a prison sentence. Many new types of sanctions have been used in recent years.

4 What powers does the national government have in the area of criminal justice? 4 Enforcement of federal criminal laws. 5 What factors have caused federal involvement in criminal justice to expand? 5 The expansion of criminal activities across state borders; the war on terrorism. Criminal Justice as a Social System To achieve the goals of criminal justice, many kinds of organizations—police, prosecution, courts, corrections—have been formed. Each has its own functions and personnel. We might assume that criminal justice is an orderly process in which a The Criminal Justice System CHAPTER 1 11 AP Photo/THE NEWS & OBSERVER/Chuck Liddy The systems perspective emphasizes that criminal justice is made variety of professionals act on each case on behalf of soup of parts or subsystems, including police, courts, and corrections.

Each is a part, or subsystem, of the criminal justice system. Each is linked to the other two subsystems, and the actions of each affect the others. These effects can be seen as we examine the flow of decision making within the criminal justice system. CHECKPOINT A 10 What are the four main duties of police? 10 Keeping the peace, apprehending violators and combating crime, preventing crime, providing social services. 11 What is a dual court system? 11 A separate judicial system for each state in addition to a national system.

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