By Shayne Rivers
Книга Conservation of furnishings Conservation of FurnitureКниги Строительство Автор: Shayne Rivers, Nick Umney Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Butterworth-Heinemann Страниц: 840 Размер: 40,1 MB ISBN: 0750609583 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This e-book is a complete source masking the rules and perform of the conservation and recovery of furnishings, and different ornamental artwork gadgets made completely or partially of wooden.
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Extra info for Conservation of Furniture
Laid in conjunction with metals such as brass and pewter on coloured grounds, it represented a high point in marquetry work. This process is usually associated with AndréCharles Boulle (see below). Trade practice, tools and techniques The qualities of furniture-making still depended on the skill of the joiner, who began Furniture history 17 to use the continental dovetailing methods of joining boards which foreign craftsmen had introduced into England. The ardent desire of tradesmen to maintain differentials resulted in the London Court of Aldermen (in 1632) deciding that carpenters should be restricted to making nailed and boarded work and that only joiners could use glue, mortise and tenon and dovetail joints.
Stools with turned legs were common, but the X-shaped or faldsthul (folding stool) was more convenient. 3 Medieval Background For much of the Medieval or Gothic period, a large part of Europe was at war or in an unsettled state. The feudal system limited the ability of most of the population to own any furniture other than the basic necessities, and most craftsmen were only employed by powerful churches or nobles. In 1215 the Magna Carta was signed and became a basis for an English Parliament and system of law which gradually developed to support a growing merchant class.
Planked and nailed construction with carved gothic open tracery forming the ventilation panels in the doors ples of Gothic armoires were most impressive, originally having been painted in vivid colours. The buffet, another display and storage item, was made with a stepped-tier construction for displaying silver items. It depended on rank how many tiers were made and used. A second type, not stepped but canopied, evolved into a cupboard as it became enclosed. The armoire or aumbry, originally a safe, became a livery cupboard, used to store food.