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By Gwen Robinson, Fergus McNeill

In Community Punishment: eu views, the authors position punishment in the neighborhood less than the highlight by means of exploring the origins, evolution and diversifications of supervision in eleven eu jurisdictions. for many humans, punishment within the felony justice procedure is synonymous with imprisonment. but, either in Europe and within the united states, the numbers of individuals lower than a few kind of penal supervision locally a long way exceeds the numbers in felony, and lots of prisoners are published lower than supervision. Written and edited via best students within the box, this assortment advances the sociology of punishment through illuminating the ignored yet an important phenomenon of ‘mass supervision’.

As good as placing criminological and penological theories to the attempt in an exam in their skill to provide an explanation for the evolution of punishment beyond the prison, and throughout diversified states, the individuals to this quantity additionally investigate the appropriateness of the time period ‘community punishment’ in numerous components of Europe. carrying out a major exploration of universal issues and changes within the jurisdictions integrated within the assortment, the authors cross directly to research how ‘community punishment’ got here into being of their jurisdiction and the way its institutional types and practices were legitimated and re-legitimated according to moving social, cultural and political contexts.

This publication is key studying for lecturers and scholars interested in the examine of either group punishment and comparative penology, yet can be of significant curiosity to legal justice policymakers, managers and practitioners.

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And Simon, J. (1992) ‘The new penology: notes on the emerging strategy of corrections and its implications’, Criminology, 30: 449–74. Foucault, M. (1977) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. London: Allen Lane. Garland, D. (1985) Punishment and Welfare. Aldershot: Gower. Garland, D. (1990) Punishment and Modern Society. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Garland, D. (1996) ‘The limits of the sovereign state: strategies of crime control in contemporary society, British Journal of Criminology, 36(4): 445–71.

1986) De korte gevangenisstraf. Een onderzoek naar toepassing en effectiviteit (vol. 13). Antwerpen: Kluwer Rechtswetenschappen. Snacken, S. (2007) ‘Penal policy and practice in Belgium’, in M. ) Crime, punishment and politics in comparative perspective, crime and justice: A review of research. Chicago: Chicago University Press, pp. 127–214. , and Beyens, K. ’ in S. ) Strafrechtelijk beleid in beweging. Brussels: VUBPress, pp. 271–316. -A. (2010) ‘Belgium’, in N. Padfield, D. Van Zyl Smit and F.

Individualization was the main objective of conditional sentences, which were embedded in a classic sentencing framework, guided by deterrence and retribution. Non-supervisory conditional sentences were widely used and still are today. Judges see them as a warrant or a ‘second chance’ for the offender, who is regarded as a rational actor who can be deterred by the mere threat of imprisonment (Snacken 1986; Beyens 2000a). However, as there are legal limits with regard to the criminal records of those whose sentences can be suspended, only a selection of first offenders are eligible for these conditional sanctions, hampering the discretionary power of the sentencing judge.

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