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By Edward Royce

Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber are crucial for knowing the sociological company. they're one of the leader founders of the self-discipline and one of the prime theorists of modernity, and their paintings can stimulate readers to mirror all alone identities and worldviews. Classical Social idea and sleek Society introduces scholars to those 3 thinkers and exhibits their endured relevance today.

The first bankruptcy units the level by means of situating the paintings of Marx, Durkheim, and Weber within the context of 3 modernizing revolutions: the Enlightenment, the French Revolution of 1789, and the commercial revolution. 3 assessment chapters keep on with that summarize the most important rules of every philosopher, targeting their contributions to the advance of sociology and their conceptions of recent society. The final component of the ebook explores the deliberating Marx, Durkheim, and Weber on 4 themes—the pathologies of recent society, the quandary of the fashionable person, the country and democracy, and socialism as opposed to capitalism. those thematic chapters position Marx, Durkheim, and Weber in discussion with each other, providing scholars the chance to strive against with conflicting principles on matters which are nonetheless major today.

Classical sociology is key to the instructing of sociology and in addition a useful software within the schooling of citizens.

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Extra info for Classical Social Theory and Modern Society: Marx, Durkheim, Weber

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Without abandoning their commitment to science, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber each sought to utilize their intellectual capital for political purposes and to deploy their ideas in such a way as to make a practical difference. THE PLAN OF THE BOOK For the purposes of this book, I treat Marx, Durkheim, and Weber not primarily as founders of sociology or as sociological theorists narrowly conceived, but as sociologically minded theorists of modernity and as proponents of politically charged worldviews.

It testifies to a definite reality and gives voice to a legitimate demand. The truth of religion lies in its acknowledgment of the inhumanity of earthly existence. “Religious suffering,” Marx says, “is at the same time an expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. ” For Marx the practical point is not simply to alter consciousness or shatter illusions, but to transform the real world itself. 20 Marx’s materialist perspective suggests a twofold political message. First, it implies that true human liberation and real improvement in the welfare of humanity can be achieved only by overturning the economic structure of society, by changing the material circumstances of people’s lives.

If certain goods are sold above their value, generating surplus profit, capitalists will shift production to those goods, increasing their supply and driving down their price. And if certain goods are sold below their value, capitalists will reduce production of those goods, decreasing their supply and driving up their price. No similar market mechanism operates with respect to labor power, as capitalists cannot produce workers the way they produce breakfast cereal and electronic equipment. Since the law of supply and demand does not apply in the usual manner, what mechanism ensures that the price of labor power remains roughly equal to its value?

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