By Rosalyn R. LaPier
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Additional info for City Indian: Native American Activism in Chicago, 1893-1934
The only possible basis for a suit, the court opined, would be continuous occupancy of the submerged lands. The court stated that abandonment of lands does not cause the loss of title; conquest or purchase would be required. However, the treaties had not been intended to withhold submerged lands from the purchase of Chicago. So although the lands were not included in the sale, they were not considered lands at the time. 41 Red Cloud’s Reality The conﬂict between popular imagery and Indian reality would become a recurring theme that Indians in Chicago would need to navigate.
11 Frederic Ward Putnam of Harvard’s Peabody Museum initially was placed in charge of the actual exhibits on the fair’s Midway Plaisance, including the tribal exhibits, but the task, which he referred to as an “Indian circus,” ill-suited him. In the 20 The World Comes to Chicago end he oversaw the anthropological ethnology building, and the fair’s oversight committee turned the job over to a young entrepreneurial showman, Sol Bloom. 12 Despite the efforts of ethnologists, it was more sensationalistic than educational.
Chicago as a railroad center became a key destination for the cattle, which were slaughtered in its famous stockyards on the South Side. 39 The other industry that fed Chicago’s development in the nineteenth century, based on the grain grown on the prairies, also owed its existence to lands ceded by the tribal groups living there. ” American Indian Visitors in Early Chicago The Indian people who moved to Chicago thus came to a city that established not only its physical existence, but also its phenomenal and exhilarating economic growth and development on the tragic losses of their ancestors.