Download Citrus, strategy, and class: the politics of development in by Mark Moberg PDF

By Mark Moberg

Moberg (anthropology, U. of South Alabama) attracts on surveys from 1971 and 1986, and his personal ethnographic learn to supply a unprecedented longitudinal examine of village peasants getting into the worldwide marketplace. Emphasizes the peasants' ideas, and the way new fiscal elements have altered the social constitution.

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From Scott's asertion that individuals act in self-interested ways to secure the needs of their households (1985: 295), it is evident that class-based politics are only one means by which those needs are met. Analogously, production for the world market creates both opportunities and disincentives. An individual's strategy in the face of newly introduced forms of commodity production may be one of resistance, such as clinging to subsistence farming or invoking traditional obligations made of rural elites.

Actor-oriented" or transactional social theory, which examines how social actors strategically pursue their self-interest, has not been well received by most political economists (cf. Weldes 1989) Aspects of transactionalism may nonetheless offer a solution to the problem of agency posed by political economy. The development of transactional models in anthropology constituted one reaction against functionalist theories in which individuals enact predetermined roles but do not alter or create them.

The stratification emerging in Hopkins is the result of such conscious political strategies, rather than random tendencies inherent in the production of commodities for the world market. My field research was subsequently guided by a desire to be considered neutral in the arena of local politics. I eventually avoided identification with either faction by frequent social visiting with both parties in local conflicts and by varying my interview and work regime be- Page xvi tween members and nonmembers of the cooperative.

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