By Neal S. Gupta
There are a number of books on houses of chitin and linked biomolecules and their biochemical value. even though, the current quantity bargains with a wide selection of biogeochemical and natural geochemical features of this very important macromolecule written via prime authors and specialists within the box. each one bankruptcy is punctiliously peer reviewed and is an up to date account of contemporary examine in isotopic, nanostructural, biochemical, microstructural, geochemical, paleontological and experimental features of chitin formation, distribution and upkeep within the setting and earth historical past.
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Additional info for Chitin: Formation and Diagenesis (Topics in Geobiology)
Chemical composition of the cuticle, for instance by combining the organic material with inorganic nano-particles. From a materials science point of view, this makes the cuticle to a hierarchical composite material of high functional versatility. The detailed investigation of microstructure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of cuticle from different skeletal elements of the crustacean Homarus americanus shows that cuticle can combine different design principles to create a high-performance anisotropic material.
Cell Tissue Res 332(2): 359–370 Henry JQ, Okusu A, Martindale MQ (2004) The cell lineage of the polyplacophoran, Chaetopleura apiculata: variation in the spiralian program and implications for molluscan evolution. Dev Biol 272(1):145–160 Hepburn A (ed) (1976) The insect integument. Elsevier, Amsterdam Hernandez J, Lopez-Romero E, Cerbon J, Ruiz-Herrera J (1981) Lipid analysis of chitosomes, chitin synthesizing microvesicles from Mucor rouxii. Exp Mycol 5:349–356 Hill CM, An YH, Kang QK, Demcheva MV, Vournakis JN (2005) Poly-N-acetylglucosamine as a scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering in nude mice.
8 Conclusion The structural characteristics in vivo indicate that chitins are among the most resistant organic materials as exemplified by the squid beak, the diatom spines and the insect wings. This is due to the molecular structures of both alpha and beta polymorphs and to their capacity to combine with proteins and other compounds since their biosynthesis, and to form hybrid materials soon afterwards. The concerted action of chitin synthases and chitinases permits constant rebuilding of a number of essential chitinous structures.