Download China's Scientific Elite by Cong Cao PDF

By Cong Cao

China's medical Elite is a learn of these scientists retaining China's maximum educational honour - club of the chinese language Academy of Sciences. Having conducted huge systematic information selection of CAS individuals Cao examines the social stratification method of the chinese language technology group and how within which politics and political interference has effected the stratification. The publication then is going directly to evaluate the chinese language method to the stratification of the USA medical elite. The conclusions are attention-grabbing, now not least simply because one nationwide elite is living in a democratic liberal social process, and the opposite in an authoritarian social approach.

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Sample text

Various reasons account for China’s tardiness in progress (Needham 1969; Qian W. 1985; Sivin 1982). For one thing, China’s social system isolated itself from the rest of the world, especially Europe where science and technology rapidly flourished after the Renaissance. With the Western capitalist expansion, foreign missionaries entered China as early as the sixteenth century. The introduction of science and technology was definitely considered incidental to the task of evangelization; but missionaries did transmit science, especially mathematics and astronomy, to China through translating science books.

Continuous funding is sometimes offered to a sub-project for an additional three years, depending on the performance evaluation at the end of the second year (the so-called “2 ϩ 3” project management). 8 billion (US$217 million) (Cao 2002). Coordination of research In order to coordinate science programs and research activities in various “fronts,” China’s political leadership has adopted several measures over time. One is to establish the Academic Divisions (xuebu) within the CAS in 1955 to attract leading scientists from among the nation to participate in academic leadership.

Of the five fronts of scientific research in China, research institutes affiliated with local governments and enterprises are almost not represented in the elite, which is not unanticipated given that the elite has been mainly chosen from scientists in the basic research or mission-oriented basic research ( yingyong jichu yanjiu) areas. Beijing University has the most number of CAS members on its faculty, which is 50 percent more than institutions with the next largest number of CAS members—Qinghua and Nanjing Universities.

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