Download Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in by Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis PDF

By Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis (eds.)

This quantity includes articles from major analysts and researchers on sustainable transportation, who supply serious reflections on how automobile-related weather guidelines have developed in past times in Europe and world wide, in view of the generally famous have to considerably lessen worldwide emissions of greenhouse gases within the coming many years. Authors describe the rules that have been superior, define their monetary and social implications, current luck tales whereas seriously reviewing much less profitable examples, and recommend recommendations to decarbonize passenger transportation on a world scale.

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In the Baseline scenario, energy use grows substantially to 2050 as efficiency improvements are outweighed by growth in transport activity. In the BLUE Shifts scenario, energy use in 2050 is around the same level as in the Baseline scenario in 2030, suggesting a degree of stabilization. In the BLUE Map scenario, energy use returns to the 2005 level, and if the BLUE Shifts scenario is combined with the BLUE Map scenario, energy use drops to a level lower than that in 2005. There are also important differences between scenarios in the composition of fuels used.

Thesis. TU Delft Marchetti C (1994) Anthropological invariants in travel behaviour. Technol Forecasting Social Change 47:57–88 MuConsult (2009) Effecten milieudifferentiatie basistarieven kilometerprijs [Effects of differentiated kilometre charges]. MuConsult Nash C (2009) When to invest in high-speed rail links and networks? OECD/ITF Discussion Paper No. 2009-16 OECD/ITF (2010) Transport outlook 2010 – the potential for innovation Olde Kalter MJ, Loop H van der, Harms L (2010) Verklaring mobiliteit en bereikbaarheid 1985–2008 [Explaining mobility and accessibility 1985 – 2008].

For the achievement of the ideal size for our cities and the best spatial range of our activities, economic principles form the suitable compass. These help us find the right balance between the economic benefits of cities and the costs of keeping the traffic flowing. The two cornerstones of this compass are charging prices for transport services that reflect the marginal social costs and a proper social Cost Benefit Analysis for infrastructure investments. Book shelves of studies have been published about the benefits of using these two standard economic instruments for transport policy, and several authors of this book have elaborated this economic approach.

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