By Charles L. Kenner
The inclusion of the 9th Cavalry and 3 different African American regiments within the post–Civil battle military used to be one of many nation’s such a lot challenging social experiments. the 1st fifteen years following its association in 1866 have been stained through mutinies, slanderous verbal attacks, and sadistic abuses by means of their officials. ultimately, a few thoughtful and devoted officials and noncommissioned officials created an elite and well-disciplined combating unit that received the honour of all however the such a lot racist whites.
Charles L. Kenner’s certain biographies of officials and enlisted males describe the passions, aspirations, and conflicts that either certain blacks and white jointly and pulled them aside. distinctive awareness is given to the ordeals of 3 black officials assigned to the 9th: Lieutenants John Alexander and Charles younger and Chaplain Henry Plummer. the topics of those biographies—blacks and whites alike—represent each side of human nature. the easiest realized that growth may well simply be completed via belief and cooperation.
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Additional info for Buffalo soldiers and officers of the Ninth Cavalry, 1867-1898: Black & white together
In a more serious case, Private Albert Dennis of I Troop was convicted of stealing a gold watch from a citizen. His sentencea dishonorable discharge plus two years in prisonwas overturned because the court-martial failed to record his plea. 50 There was less uniformity in the punishment of insubordination than any other offense. While nine out of twenty-six such trials resulted in dishonorable discharges, most of the accused received only token punishments. 51 Because of their low desertion rate, black units often developed a high esprit de corps.
Falling to 48 the following year, the rate declined steadily until 1877, when only 6 men deserted in the entire regiment. That same year, the Fourth Cavalry had 184 desertions and the Fifth, 224. 48 The low desertion and alcoholism rates did not lead to a corresponding reduction in courts-martial. Fewer problems resulting from desertion and drunken misbehavior were offset by numerous insubordination and negligence cases. An analysis of general courts-martial involving Ninth Cavalrymen from 1882 through 1884, as shown in Table 1-1, indicates the frequency of various types of misbehavior.
ArmyAfro-American troopsHistory19th century. ArmyOfficersHistory19th century. Indians of North AmericaWars18661895. )History18601890. Title. 008996073dc2199-33394 CIP Text design by Gail Carter. The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources, Inc. Copyright © 1999 by the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Publishing Division of the University. All rights reserved. A.