By Jorge Duany
During this entire comparative research, Jorge Duany explores how migrants to the U.S. from Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico continue a number of ties to their international locations of beginning.
Chronicling those diasporas from the tip of worldwide warfare II to the current, Duany argues that every sending country's courting to the U.S. shapes the transnational event for every migrant workforce, from felony prestige and migratory styles to paintings actions and the connections migrants continue with their domestic nations. mixing vast ethnographic, archival, and survey learn, Duany proposes that modern migration demanding situations the conventional inspiration of the countryside. expanding numbers of immigrants and their descendants lead what Duany calls "bifocal" lives, bridging or extra states, markets, languages, and cultures all through their lives. whilst international locations try and draw their obstacles extra basically, the ceaseless circulate of transnational migrants, Duany argues, calls for the rethinking of traditional equations among birthplace and place of dwelling, identification and citizenship, borders and boundaries.
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Extra info for Blurred Borders: Transnational Migration between the Hispanic Caribbean and the United States
Although this classification does not spell out the causes and consequences of each form of transnationalism, it helps locate transnational practices along a wide continuum of intensity and regularity. ” Core transnationalism comprises an individual’s habitual practices, while expanded transnationalism involves occasional responses to, for example, political crises or natural disasters. Again, this typology does not explain why some groups engage transnationally more often than others. It is also unclear just how frequent a practice has to be in order to be deemed core or expanded.
More than four-fifths came from Cuba. 3 percent of the foreign-born population of the United States was born in the Caribbean. S. 6 percent of the total (Ruggles et al. S. Citizenship and Immigration Services 2009). At that time, Miami was a small town with few Cuban residents, while in New York the terms Spanish and Hispanic referred to Spaniards as much as to Latin Americans. No one could then imagine that both cities would be Caribbeanized during the second half of the twentieth century. S.
However, persistent problems plague the field of transnationalism, including the operational definition of the concept; the classification of various types; the explanation of its causes and consequences; its alleged novelty; its relationship with assimilation; and its future beyond the first generation of immigrants. In particular, scholars have engaged in lively debates as to whether Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic are exemplars of transnationalism. This chapter delves into some of the main issues in the study of transnationalism.