By Howard Westwood, John Y Simon
Recounting the studies of black squaddies within the Civil conflict In the 10 probing essays accrued during this quantity, Howard C. Westwood recounts the usually sour reports of black males who have been admitted to army provider and the wrenching difficulties linked to the transferring prestige of African american citizens in the course of the Civil warfare. Black Troops, White Commanders, and Freedmen throughout the Civil warfare covers subject matters starting from the jobs performed via Lincoln and provide in starting black soldiery to the delicate matters that arose whilst black infantrymen (and their white officials) have been captured by way of the Confederates. The essays relate the exploits of black heroes reminiscent of Robert Smalls, who singlehandedly captured a accomplice steamer, in addition to the reports of the ignoble Reverend Fountain Brown, who turned the 1st individual charged with violating the Emancipation Proclamation. even if many hundreds of thousands have been enlisted as squaddies, blacks have been barred from turning into commissioned officials and for a very long time they have been paid a long way lower than their white opposite numbers. those and different blatant sorts of discrimination understandably provoked discontent between black troops which, in flip, sparked friction with their white commanders. Westwood's attention-grabbing account of the artillery corporation from Rhode Island amply demonstrates how frustrations between black infantrymen got here to be noticeable as "mutiny" by way of a few white officials.
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Extra info for Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen during the Civil War
Though occasion for its application had been very rare prior to the Milliken's Bend affair, it was no secret, and it must have been at least discussed between Grant and Thomas, who, as adjutant general, certainly was fully aware of it. " His idea had been that in the Mississippi Valley they take over garrison duty at points in the rear, allowing whites on such duty to "go on more active service. ,,32 It is all but certain that one factor in Grant's thinking that led to his employment of newly office red and recruited black units other than in front line combat was the concern about Confederate treatment of black captives.
Grant to Halleck, Grant Papers, 7:338-39; Grant to James B. McPherson, Grant Papers, 7:415-16. 14. Grant to George W. Deitzler, Grant Papers, 7:278-80; Grant's Special Order No. 66 and Rawlins to Stephen A. Hurlbut, Grant Papers, 7:417, 339. 15. Grant Papers, 7:339. 16. Dudley Taylor Cornish, The Sable Arm: Negro Troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865 (1956; rpt. W. W. , New York, 1966), pp. 100-101, 10510. 17. Stanton's instructions to Thomas, dated March 25, 1863, are in ORA, ser. 3,3:100-101. Thomas was informed of them only on the day before, ORA, ser.
If encouraging slaves to flee their masters would complicate Butler's administration, giving them arms surely would cause infinite trouble, aggravating, however irrationally, the ever-present fear of servile insurrection. Butler decided to try to sidestep the issue. Instead of responding to Phelps' request, he ignored it, with an order sent to Phelps to employ his blacks Butler's Enlistment of Black Troops 41 in felling trees between the flank of his lines and Lake Pontchartrain to open a field of fire for supporting gunboats and in constructing an abatis.