By Susan Merrill Squier
There's a forgotten historical past to our present debates over reproductive know-how - one interweaving literature and technological know-how, profoundly gendered, full of offerings and struggles. We pay a cost once we settle for sleek reproductive know-how as a systematic step forward with no prior. infants in Bottles retrieves a few of that background by means of reading the literary and renowned technology writings of Julian Huxley, J.B.S. Haldane, Charlotte Haldane, Aldous Huxley, and Naomi Mitchison - writings that come with representations of reproductive know-how from infants in bottles to surrogate moms. it really is to those photographs, fantasies, practices, and narratives of medical intervention in copy that we needs to glance if we wish to comprehend what acts of ideological building were conducted, and are presently being played, within the identify of reproductive expertise. Susan Merrill Squier exhibits how the innovative building of reproductive expertise is helping to form our modern practices. Susan Merrill Squier is Julia Gregg Brill Professor in Women's experiences and English on the Pennsylvania country college, collage Park. She is the writer of Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of town, editor of ladies Writers and the town: Essays in Feminist Literary feedback, and co-editor of palms and the lady: struggle, Gender, and Literary illustration.
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Additional info for Babies in bottles: twentieth-century visions of reproductive technology
The deliberate deformation of a fetus in utero is also the subject of the last contemporary image of babies in bottles that I want to consider here. This image is textual, appearing in Robin Cook's novel, Mutation. Cook's engineered fetal deformity has a significance quite different from that of the freaks engendered in Geek Love, because it is the consequence not of abnormal social behavior but of normal science. The parents in Geek Love used medical and environmental poisons to produce their monsters; Cook's hero uses the latest in genetic engineer- Page 6 3 A Macabre Version: Deformed Babies in a Specimen Bottle ing.
SexualReform Congress (1930) included in its prefatory matter congratulatory letters from Radclyffe Hall, Aldous and Julian Huxley, Hugh Walpole, H. G. Wells, Margaret Sanger, Jakob Wasserman, and even Freud himself. It included speeches by a wide range of writers, scientists, doctors, and reformers concerned with sexuality and reproduction, including novelists Naomi Mitchison and Vera Brittain, and sex education and contraceptive educator Dr. "42Vera Brittain's talk for the Sexual Reform Congress, "The Failure of Monogamy," was reissued in the series as Halcyon, or the Future of Monogamy.
Inside each one and enveloped in transparent membranes were four fetuses, each perhaps eight months old, who were swimming about in their artificial wombs . . In each tank the placentas were plastered onto a plexiglass grid against a membrane bag connected to a sort of heart-lung machine. 4 Page 2 1 The Sunday Mail Imagines Ectogenesis These images of babies in bottlesjust a small sample of the contemporary traffic in such representationsprovide a framework for the arguments I make in this book.