Download Assimilation's Agent: My Life as a Superintendent in the by Edwin L. Chalcraft PDF

By Edwin L. Chalcraft

Assimilation’s Agent finds the lifestyles and critiques of Edwin L. Chalcraft (1855–1943), a superintendent within the federal Indian boarding colleges through the serious period of pressured assimilation within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries. Chalcraft was once employed by means of the workplace of Indian Affairs (now often called the Bureau of Indian Affairs) in 1883. in the course of his approximately 4 a long time of provider, he labored at a couple of Indian boarding faculties and companies, together with the Chehalis Indian university in Oakville, Washington; Puyallup Indian tuition in Tacoma, Washington; Chemawa Indian tuition in Salem, Oregon; Wind River Indian college in Wind River, Wyoming; Jones Male Academy in Hartshorne, Oklahoma; and Siletz Indian service provider in Oregon.

In this memoir Chalcraft discusses the furnish peace coverage, the inspection procedure, allotment, the remedy of tuberculosis, corporal punishment, alcoholism, and patronage. broad insurance is usually given to the Indian Shaker Church and the government’s reaction to this perceived risk to assimilation. Assimilation’s Agent illuminates the occasionally treacherous political maneuverings and tough judgements confronted via executive officers at Indian boarding colleges. It deals a infrequently heard and this day debatable "top-down" view of presidency rules to coach and assimilate Indians.

Drawing on a wide number of unpublished letters and records, Cary C. Collins’s advent and notes provide vital ancient historical past and context. Assimilation’s Agent illustrates the government's long term application for facing local peoples and the shortcomings of its procedure in the course of the most consequential eras within the lengthy and sometimes heritage of yank Indian and white relations.

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Additional info for Assimilation's Agent: My Life as a Superintendent in the Indian Boarding School System

Sample text

Mr. Henderson preached & with Mr. Eells at the organ we had good services. The Indians sang songs, talked, and offered prayers in their own language. This evening we had singing and prayer. Monday, October 1 Mr. Eells left for Tenino early this morning. It was raining some. I was in the school room this morning some. This afternoon I did my first sewing for an Indian. The children take [to] their various parts of the work, and never have to be told the second time how things are to be done. All are tired.

0pt PgVar ——— Short Page PgEnds: TEX [-51], (43) wash clothes. [H]e could learn that much at home. So if he can’t learn any thing besides working in the laundry he can come home. 76 Family separation and limited communication between Chemawa and home were other sources of parental concern. “I don’t know why or cant understand why I do not get no letter from Charley,” a mother anguished. ” But the greatest fear of parents — realized in all too many instances — was the death of a son or daughter.

In March 1911, he charged Chalcraft with both superintendent- and student-administered whippings and student immorality. Chalcraft was given three days to justify his actions or face removal. The superintendent submitted a lengthy explanation, but without effect. On April 28, the commissioner drafted a suspension order. Meanwhile Chalcraft braced himself for the defining battle of his life. “A fight to the finish was now on,” he vented in his memoir. 80 Chalcraft, in support of his disciplinary policy, mounted a furious defense.

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