Download Antigone, Oedipus the King, Electra (Oxford World's by Sophocles PDF

By Sophocles

Love and loyalty, hatred and revenge, worry, deprivation, and political ambition: those are the explanations which thrust the characters portrayed in those 3 Sophoclean masterpieces directly to their collision direction with catastrophe.

Recognized in his personal day as possibly the best of the Greek tragedians, Sophocles' recognition has remained undimmed for 2 and a part thousand years. His maximum innovation within the tragic medium was once his improvement of a relevant tragic determine, confronted with a try of will and personality, risking obloquy and loss of life instead of compromise his or her ideas: it's impressive that Antigone and Electra either have a girl as their intransigent 'hero'. Antigone dies relatively forget her responsibility to her relatives, Oedipus' choice to save lots of his urban leads to the awful discovery that he has devoted either incest and parricide, and Electra's unremitting anger at her mom and her lover retains her in servitude and despair.

These brilliant translations mix attractiveness and modernity, and are impressive for his or her lucidity and accuracy. Their sonorous diction, financial system, and sensitivity to the various metres and modes of the unique musical supply cause them to both appropriate for examining or theatrical peformance.

Readership: scholars of all collage degrees in drama, classics, comparative literature, theatre experiences. A-level `Classical Civilization' scholars.

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Extra info for Antigone, Oedipus the King, Electra (Oxford World's Classics)

Example text

Finally, in When we dead awaken (Nllr vi d~de vllgner, 1899), Ibsen returned yet again to the clash of art and life, vocation and personal happiness. It was a recurrent theme that had preoccupied him throughout his creative life. An ageing sculptor Rubek is confronted by Irene, the woman who was his youthful inspiration but whom he rejected for the sake of artistic and material advancement. He now discovers that what he lost in rejecting her was the only thing that matters in life: the ability to face himself and to respond to others with complete authenticity.

In contrast to the visual austerity of Brand, the physical setting of Peer Gynt is both attractive and stimulating. The play offers a constantly changing kaleidoscope of contrast- 47 Henrik Ibsen ing visual images: the fertile Gudbrandsdal of central Norway, the imaginary kingdom of the trolls, a lUxury yacht at anchor off the coast of North Africa, the Sahara desert, a madhouse in Cairo, a shipwreck off the coast of Norway. For actor and director, there is ample opportunity in Peer Gynt to underline or comment on the action in visual terms.

Eventually it takes the mad gypsy girl Gerd to spell out to him the hubris of which he is guiHy. He sees himself in his heart as a new Messiah come to redeem the world with his 45 Henrik Ibsen suffering. In reality, he is a man whose inability to respond warmly and lovingly to others has driven him away from human society altogether. His last refuge is an ice church, his only companion a deranged gypsy girl who unleashes an avalanche on them both by firing her rifle. As a figure, Brand has towered far above the petty and mean-spirited individuals in his community.

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