By James B Greenough, J. H. Allen, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge
This sourcebook's three-part therapy begins with phrases and varieties, overlaying elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores circumstances, moods, and tenses. The concluding part bargains info on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different topics. large appendixes function a word list of phrases and indexes. scholars of heritage, faith, and literature will locate lasting worth during this modestly priced version of a vintage consultant to Latin.
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Additional info for Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
The ablative singular of all neuters, and of many masculines and feminines, ends in -ī (see § 76). 75. The regular case-ending of the Accusative singular of i-stems (M. ) would be -im: as, sitis, sitim (cf. stella, -am; servus, -um); but in most nouns this is changed to -em (following the consonant declension). a. The accusative in -im is found exclusively — 1. In Greek nouns and in names of rivers. 2. In būris, cucumis, rāvis, sitis, tussis, vīs. 3. In adverbs in -tim (being accusative of nouns in -tis), as, partim; and in amussim.
The so-called Roman Pronunciation of Latin aims to represent approximately the pronunciation of classical times. VOWELS: ā as in father; ă as in idea, ē as eh? (prolonged), or a in date) ě as eh? (clipped) or e in net. ī as in machine; ǐ as in holiest or sit. ō as in holy; ŏ as in obey. ū as oo in boot; ŭ as oo in foot. y between u and i (French u or German ü). DIPHTHONGS: ae like ay; ei as in eight; oe like oy in boy; eu as eh’ oo; au like ow in now; ui as oo’ee. Consonants are the same as in English, except that— c and g are as in come, get, never as in city, gem, s as in sea, lips, never as in ease.
P. 34, footnote): as, Rōmae, at Rome; Athēnīs, at Athens. d. The genitive plural is sometimes found in -um instead of -ārum, especially in Greek patronymics, as, Aeneadum, sons of Æneas, and in compounds with -cŏla and -gěna, signifying dwelling and descent: as, caelicolum, celestials; Trōiugenum, sons of Troy; so also in the Greek nouns amphora and drachma. e. The dative and ablative plural of dea, goddess, fīlia, daughter, end in an older form -ābus ( deābus, fīliābus) to distinguish them from the corresponding cases of deus, god, and filius, son ( deīs, fíliīs).