By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing process within the usa. Invented via Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it was once quickly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing method, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and purely entire released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even supposing the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken by way of the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it offers the grammatical starting place upon which the entire dialects are established. In his creation, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson bargains a short account of Cherokee historical past and language revitalization tasks, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The booklet then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, elements of speech, and syntax.
whereas the ebook is meant as a reference grammar for skilled students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the data in available levels, relocating from more straightforward examples to extra advanced linguistic buildings. Examples are taken from numerous resources, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of assorted textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a thesaurus keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a set of literary texts: conventional tales and a ancient account of a seek occasion touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee kingdom, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the most important in Oklahoma, besides the United Keetoowah Band and the jap band of Cherokees, have numerous those that converse their local language. Like different tribes, they've got visible a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, rather one of the younger, yet they've got replied with bold courses for conserving and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function an essential source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee historical past, language, and tradition all alone terms.
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Additional resources for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
There are no pedagogical works that approach the phonology and grammar of the language in a systematic or methodical way; they largely confine themselves to the presentation of vocabulary through drill and repetition. Grammatical structures are not, for the most part, explicitly explained. The Holmes and Smith book is an exception in that it attempts some overt explanation of structures and paradigms. However, this book is pedagogical in nature, and the main focus is on vocabulary presentation, drills and explanations of culture.
E. an [o] with 48 low tone followed by an [o] with high tone. The system of vowel –doubling to represent vowel length also makes it easier to understand the role of moras in different types of tone changes. A mora is a unit of syllabic weight; a long vowel is heavier than a short vowel. A long vowel consists of two moras (and is written with two vowels), while a short vowel consists of one mora (and is written with one vowel). The alternative to writing two vowels is to use a special symbol to indicate if a given vowel is long or short.
This complication will be explored in the following description of Cherokee obstruents and how they are represented in this grammar’s Romanized orthography. 1. Obstruents Obstruents are sounds where the flow of air in the mouth is severely restricted or stopped. The three kinds of obstruents in Cherokee are stops, fricative, and affricates. Stops A stop is a sound where the airflow is blocked. The stops contrast in place of articulation and in aspiration. g. Certain phonological processes (explained later in this chapter) make it clear, however, that that the contrast is based on aspiration.