By Guy J.-M. Le Moigne
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Extra info for A guide to the formulation of water resources strategy
The World Bank's Asia and Middle East and North Africa regions, for example, have developed approaches to strategy that emphasize comprehensive analysis and include institution-building and training (World Bank 1993b and 1993c). Some external approaches, however, rely on initiative by the external support agency because of the urgency of problems in an area; countries can ill afford to further delay action on some emerging water crises. Such approaches, which often favor the quick or rapid assessments referred to above, argue that in most cases there is sufficient information to formulate a water sector strategy and to define critical programs and actions.
A water resources management strategy should 7 For officials charged with program oversight, strategy can mean "simply addressing rigorous logic to the allocation of the scarce resources available to carry out the tasks assigned us by national strategy" (Lehman 1988). Page 6 emphasize such aspects of water development as the necessary institutional and human resources framework, and should address the medium- to long-term (530 years) issue of building or enhancing a country's water management capacity.
1. The options chosen by policymakers constitute a strategy; with a strategy in place, a country should have ample criteria to develop an investment or project plan. It may be necessary to change development objectives and water policies in light of discoveries made during strategy formulation or during implementation of a water resources strategy. 18 An important step in the strategic planning cycle is implementation of the strategy. Part of formulating a strategy should be to specify the entity that will be responsible for monitoring or following-up the implementation of strategy.