By Donald Murray
Long-time Moscow correspondent Donald Murray analyzes the construction of the 1st actual parliaments within the Soviet Union and Russia and exhibits how Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin used and abused the democratic associations they helped make attainable during this booklet. Arguing that Gorbachev and Yeltsin used the democratic associations they created to overwhelm political rivals and bring up their very own own strength, Murray concludes that the increase of Vladimir Zhirinovsky and the battle in Chechnya should not aberrations on Russia's highway to democracy however the logical extension and end result of Gorbachev's and Yeltsin's despotism. the writer Donald Murray was once the Moscow correspondent for the Canadian Broadcasting company and Radio Canada from 1988 to 1994.
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Extra resources for A Democracy of Despots
One hundred seats were reserved for the party; there would be precisely one hundred candidates. " "The idea for the Red Hundred came from Gorbachev himself," said Anatoli Chernayev. "For him, it was a question of loyalty, or solidarity. "1 This was controlled democracy with a vengeance. Gorbachev himself approved all the names on the party list. To give it a faint whiff of choice, 641 "electors," composed of Central Committee members and specially invited guests, were eventually allowed to vote for or against each candidate.
I said to him: Anatoli, what do you find so special in this institution? In fact, it failed, it collapsed. It was unable to act as a rampart against the dictatorship of Stalin or the resulting disorders. "15 Despite their earlier arguments over the future of the Communist Party, Lukyanov received tactical support in this debate from the second key participant, Alexander Yakovlev. He had so far failed to convince Gorbachev to split the party. Now he saw, in the creation of the Congress, a roundabout way to pursue his goal.
24 Shaknazarov was both Lukyanov's principal collaborator in writing on the Theses on the new political structures, and his main opponent. Shaknazarov was in favour of a normal parliament with an upper and lower house. He argued that history had graphically demonstrated that the Congress could not fulfill the role Lukyanov claimed for it. "I said to him: Anatoli, what do you find so special in this institution? In fact, it failed, it collapsed. It was unable to act as a rampart against the dictatorship of Stalin or the resulting disorders.